Cameroon



Official Country Name
Cameroon

Cameroon Overview
The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite a slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy headed by President Paul BIYA.

Cameroon Economy
Because of its modest oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Still, it faces many of the serious problems facing other underdeveloped countries, such as a top-heavy civil service and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. Since 1990, the government has embarked on various IMF and World Bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks. In June 2000, the government completed an IMF-sponsored, three-year structural adjustment program; however, the IMF is pressing for more reforms, including increased budget transparency, privatization, and poverty reduction programs. International oil and cocoa prices have a significant impact on the economy.

Cameroon Location
Cameroon is located in Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

Region
Cameroon is located in Africa

Cameroon Population
Cameroon has population of 17,340,702 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS

Cameroon Climate
Cameroon has varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

Cameroon Terrain
diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

Cameroon Natural Resources
petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

Ethnic Groups in Cameroon
Cameroon has the following ethnic groups - Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%

Cameroon Religions
indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

Cameroon Languages
24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Cameroon Capital
Cameroon capital is Yaounde

Cameroon Currency
Cameroon currency is Communaute Financiere Africaine franc

Map of Cameroon