Central African Republic



Official Country Name
Central African Republic

Central African Republic Overview
The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist.

Central African Republic Economy
Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry, remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR), with more than 70% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates more than half of GDP. Timber has accounted for about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry, for 40%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. Grants from France and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs.

Central African Republic Location
Central African Republic is located in Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Region
Central African Republic is located in Africa

Central African Republic Population
Central African Republic has population of 4,303,356 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS

Central African Republic Climate
Central African Republic has tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

Central African Republic Terrain
vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

Central African Republic Natural Resources
diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

Ethnic Groups in Central African Republic
Central African Republic has the following ethnic groups - Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%

Central African Republic Religions
indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%

Central African Republic Languages
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages

Central African Republic Capital
Central African Republic capital is Bangui

Central African Republic Currency
Central African Republic currency is Communaute Financiere Africaine franc

Map of Central African Republic