Guam



Official Country Name
Guam

Guam Overview
Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.

Guam Economy
The economy depends largely on US military spending and tourism. Total US grants, wage payments, and procurement outlays amounted to $1.3 billion in 2004. Over the past 30 years, the tourist industry has grown to become the largest income source following national defense. The Guam economy continues to experience expansion in both its tourism and military sectors.

Guam Location
Guam is located in Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Region
Guam is located in Oceania

Guam Population
Guam has population of 171,019 (July 2006 est.)

Guam Climate
Guam has tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation

Guam Terrain
volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south

Guam Natural Resources
fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)

Ethnic Groups in Guam
Guam has the following ethnic groups - Chamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)

Guam Religions
Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)

Guam Languages
English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)

Guam Capital
Guam capital is Hagatna (Agana)

Guam Currency
Guam currency is US dollar

Map of Guam