Nauru



Official Country Name
Nauru

Nauru Overview
The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear, since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. The island was annexed by Germany in 1888 and its phosphate deposits began to be mined early in the 20th century by a German-British consortium. Nauru was occupied by Australian forces in World War I and subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved its independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.

Nauru Economy
Revenues of this tiny island have traditionally come from exports of phosphates, now significantly depleted. An Australian company in 2005 entered into an agreement intended to exploit remaining supplies. Few other resources exist with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faces virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. In 2005, the deterioration in housing, hospitals, and other capital plant continued, and the cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continued to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist, with estimates of Nauru's GDP varying widely.

Nauru Location
Nauru is located in Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands

Region
Nauru is located in Oceania

Nauru Population
Nauru has population of 13,287 (July 2006 est.)

Nauru Climate
Nauru has tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)

Nauru Terrain
sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center

Nauru Natural Resources
phosphates, fish

Ethnic Groups in Nauru
Nauru has the following ethnic groups - Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%

Nauru Religions
Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)

Nauru Languages
Nauruan (official; a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes

Nauru Capital
Nauru capital is no official capital; government offices in Yaren District

Nauru Currency
Nauru currency is Australian dollar

Map of Nauru