Northern Mariana Islands



Official Country Name
Northern Mariana Islands

Northern Mariana Islands Overview
Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975, and came into force on 24 March 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.

Northern Mariana Islands Economy
The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. The key tourist industry employs about 50% of the work force and accounts for roughly one-fourth of GDP. Japanese tourists predominate. Annual tourist entries have exceeded one-half million in recent years, but financial difficulties in Japan have caused a temporary slowdown. The agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons. Garment production is by far the most important industry with the employment of 17,500 mostly Chinese workers and sizable shipments to the US under duty and quota exemptions.

Northern Mariana Islands Location
Northern Mariana Islands is located in Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Region
Northern Mariana Islands is located in Oceania

Northern Mariana Islands Population
Northern Mariana Islands has population of 82,459 (July 2006 est.)

Northern Mariana Islands Climate
Northern Mariana Islands has tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October

Northern Mariana Islands Terrain
southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic

Northern Mariana Islands Natural Resources
arable land, fish

Ethnic Groups in Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands has the following ethnic groups - Asian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8% (2000 census)

Northern Mariana Islands Religions
Christian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)

Northern Mariana Islands Languages
Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, English 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)

Northern Mariana Islands Capital
Northern Mariana Islands capital is Saipan

Northern Mariana Islands Currency
Northern Mariana Islands currency is US dollar

Map of Northern Mariana Islands