South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands



Official Country Name
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Overview
The islands, which have large bird and seal populations, lie approximately 1,000 km east of the Falkland Islands and have been under British administration since 1908 - except for a brief period in 1982 when Argentina occupied them. Grytviken, on South Georgia, was a 19th and early 20th century whaling station. Famed explorer Ernest SHACKLETON stopped there in 1914 en route to his ill-fated attempt to cross Antarctica on foot. He returned some 20 months later with a few companions in a small boat and arranged a successful rescue for the rest of his crew, stranded off the Antarctic Peninsula. He died in 1922 on a subsequent expedition and is buried in Grytviken. Today, the station houses scientists from the British Antarctic Survey. Recognizing the importance of preserving the marine stocks in adjacent waters, the UK, in 1993, extended the exclusive fishing zone from 12 nm to 200 nm around each island.

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Economy
Some fishing takes place in adjacent waters. There is a potential source of income from harvesting finfish and krill. The islands receive income from postage stamps produced in the UK, sale of fishing licenses, and harbor and landing fees from tourist vessels. Tourism from specialized cruise ships is increasing rapidly.

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Location
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is located in Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of the tip of South America

Region
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is located in Antarctica

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Population
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands has population of no indigenous inhabitants

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Climate
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands has variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Terrain
most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Natural Resources
fish

Ethnic Groups in South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands has the following ethnic groups - no indigenous inhabitants note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001, to be replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Religions
N/A

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Languages
N/A

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Capital
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands capital is

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Currency
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands currency is

Map of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands