Trinidad and Tobago



Official Country Name
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago Overview
First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing.

Trinidad and Tobago Economy
Trinidad and Tobago, the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site for international businesses. Tourism is a growing sector, although not proportionately as important as in many other Caribbean islands. The economy benefits from a growing trade surplus. Economic growth in 2006 reached 12.6% as prices for oil, petrochemicals, and liquefied natural gas remained high, and foreign direct investment continued to grow to support expanded capacity in the energy sector. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.

Trinidad and Tobago Location
Trinidad and Tobago is located in Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Region
Trinidad and Tobago is located in Caribbean

Trinidad and Tobago Population
Trinidad and Tobago has population of 1,065,842 (July 2006 est.)

Trinidad and Tobago Climate
Trinidad and Tobago has tropical; rainy season (June to December)

Trinidad and Tobago Terrain
mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

Trinidad and Tobago Natural Resources
petroleum, natural gas, asphalt

Ethnic Groups in Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago has the following ethnic groups - Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8% (2000 census)

Trinidad and Tobago Religions
Roman Catholic 26%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9% (2000 census)

Trinidad and Tobago Languages
English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese

Trinidad and Tobago Capital
Trinidad and Tobago capital is Port-of-Spain

Trinidad and Tobago Currency
Trinidad and Tobago currency is Trinidad and Tobago dollar

Map of Trinidad and Tobago